An automatic flux chamber for investigating gas flux at water – air interfaces
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Aquatic ecosystems are major sources of greenhouse gases (GHG). Representative measurements of GHG fluxes from aquatic ecosystems to the atmosphere are vital for quantitative understanding of climate related biogeochemistry. Fluxes occur at high temporal variability at diel or longer scales which are not captured by traditional short term deployments (typically on the order of 30 minutes) of floating flux chambers. High temporal frequency measurements are necessary but are extremely labor intensive if manual flux chamber based methods are used. Eddy correlation methods require expensive equipment and lead to uncertain results because of the high spatial variability of fluxes from restricted areas. Therefore we designed an inexpensive and easily mobile automatic flux chamber system (AFC) for extended deployments. This device includes a flux chamber and a box with the controller/datalogger, valves, a pump, a 12 V battery and a solar cell. Sensors tested in this study recorded CH4 concentration in the chamber headspace, temperature in the water and air and barometric pressure, but other sensors for CO2 and weather variables can also be attached to the system. The unit was designed to measure in situ accumulation of gas in the chamber and also to collect gas samples in an array of sample bottles for subsequent analysis in the laboratory, providing two independent ways of CH4 concentration measurements. We here present the AFC design and function together with data from initial laboratory tests and from a field deployment.
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Geochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-65894OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-65894DiVA: diva2:466014