Genetic structure of whitefish (Coregonus maraena) in the Baltic Sea
2012 (English)In: Eustarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, ISSN 0272-7714, Vol. 97, 104-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Stocks of whitefish (Coregonus maraena) in the northern part of the Baltic Sea have in many areas declined drastically during recent years. Causes for the decline are yet not fully understood, but knowledge on the genetic population structure of the species is pivotal for future conservation measures. In this study we analyse the genetic variation at seven microsatellite loci for whitefish from 18 different sites along the Swedish coast of the Baltic Sea. We found a strong dependence of isolation by distance (R = 0.73), and a week but rather fine scaled genetic structure. In addition, there were differences between more northern and southern sites in the population genetic structure, where the degree of differentiation appears to be stronger in the north compared to the south. The results suggest that whitefish is a species suitable for local management with a regional context of the management strategy. In addition, the findings corroborate what is previously known for other coastal fish species in the Baltic Sea, such as perch and pike, suggesting that the majority of gene flow occurs between adjacent areas. Finally, our results highlight the potential for genetic subdivision even when the dependence of isolation by distance is strong.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 97, 104-113 p.
microsatellites, isolation by distance, genetic subdivision, barriers to gene flow, coastal fish
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-65974DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2011.11.032ISI: 000300745500011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-65974DiVA: diva2:466627