Remittances from Sweden: An Exploration of Swedish Survey Data
2011 (English)Report (Other academic)
The present study explores data on transfers of gifts/economic support to relatives from a recent SwedishHousehold Income Survey (HEK) compiled by StatisticsSweden. It provides the first analysis of demographic determinants of remittances from Sweden based on officialhousehold survey and register data. By exploring a data setthat also includes non-migrant households, it presents aunique comparison of patterns of gift-giving and intra-family support between migrant and non-migrant households.We argue that data from the Household Income Surveycan be used to obtain an empirically based estimation ofthe determinants of remittances from Sweden. Accordingto our results, the flows of remittances to developingcountries from Sweden appear to be relatively small incomparison with remittance flows from other developedcountries. The article analyses these transfers of gifts/economic support in relation to different kinds of income,education, age, time since migration, acquisition of citizenship and family situation.Analyses are made for three types of country groups :developing countries, non-developing countries andSweden. Whereas the general propensity to give economic support to relatives is similar among native Swedes andmigrants from developing and non-developing countries,the patterns of gift-giving and intra-family economic support differ significantly over the life course between individuals from different country groups. Native Swedestend to give gifts and economic support to relatives athigher ages and when they have adult children who havemoved away from home. Migrants from developing countries tend to be younger and have children living at home.The propensity of native Swedes to remit increases withincreasing income. Among migrants born in developingcountries, other factors than income seem to be more decisive for the propensity to remit. Diverging patterns ofremittances between migrants from developing countriesand the other groups indicate that remittances are strongly related to phases in the individual lifecourse that vary with the individual history.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutet för framtidsstudier , 2011.
, Arbetsrapport, ISSN 1652-120x ; 2011:1
remittances, intra-family transfers, life course
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-66069ISBN: 978-91-85619-77-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-66069DiVA: diva2:466840