Road Dust Emissions from Paved Roads Measured Using Different Mobile Systems
2010 (English)In: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, ISSN 1047-3289, Vol. 60, no 12, 1422-1433 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Very few real-world measurements of road dust suspension have been performed to date. This study compares two different techniques (referred to as Sniffer and Emma) to measure road dust emissions. The main differences between the systems are the construction of the inlet, different instruments for recording particulate matter (PM) levels, and different loads on the wheel axes (the weight of Sniffer was much higher than that of Emma). Both systems showed substantial small-scale variations of emission levels along the road, likely depending on-road surface conditions. The variations observed correlated quite well, and the discrepancies are likely a result of variations in dust load on the road surface perpendicular to the driving direction that cause variations in the measurements depending on slightly different paths driven by the two vehicles. Both systems showed a substantial influence on the emission levels depending on the type of tire used. The summer tire showed much lower suspension than the winter tires (one nonstudded and one studded). However, the relative importance of the nonstudded versus studded tire was rather different. For the ratio of studded/nonstudded, Emma shows higher values on all road sections compared with Sniffer. Both techniques showed increased emission levels with increasing vehicle speed. When the speed increased from 50 to 80 km hrthe relative concentrations increased by 30-170% depending on the tire type and dust load. However, for road sections that were very dirty, Sniffer showed a much higher relative increase in the emission level with the nonstudded tire. Sniffer's absolute concentrations were mostly higher than Emma's. Possible reasons for the differences are discussed in the paper. Both systems can be used for studying relative road dust emissions and for designing air quality management strategies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 60, no 12, 1422-1433 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-66247DOI: 10.3155/1047-32188.8.131.522ISI: 000285281900002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-66247DiVA: diva2:467393
authorCount :62011-12-192011-12-192011-12-19Bibliographically approved