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Modern dirty sea ice characteristics and sources: The role of anchor ice
Old Dominion University.
Old Dominion University.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences. (Marin geologi)
University of Washington. (Applied Physics Laboratory)
2011 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, ISSN 0148-0227, E-ISSN 2156-2202, Vol. 116, no C09008Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Extensive dirty ice patches with up to 7 kg m−2 sediment concentrations in layers of up to 10 cm thickness were encountered in 2005 and 2007 in numerous areas across the central Arctic. The Fe grain fingerprint determination of sources for these sampled dirty ice floes indicated both Russian and Canadian sources, with the latter dominating. The presence of benthic shells and sea weeds along with thick layers (2–10 cm) of sediment covering 5–10 m2 indicates an anchor ice entrainment origin as opposed to suspension freezing for some of these floes. The anchor ice origin might explain the dominance of Canadian sources where only narrow flaw leads occur that would not favor suspension freezing as an entrainment process. Expandable clays, commonly used as an indicator of a Kara Sea origin for dirty sea ice, are present in moderately high percentages (>20%) in many circum-Arctic source areas, including the Arctic coasts of North America. Some differences between the Russian and the North American coastal areas are found in clay mineral abundance, primarily the much higher abundance of chlorite in North America and the northern Barents Sea as opposed to the rest of the Russian Arctic. However, sea ice clay mineralogy matched many source areas, making it difficult to use as a provenance tool by itself. The bulk mineralogy (clay and non-clay) does not match specific sources possibly due to reworking of the sediment in dirty floes through summer melting or the failure to characterize all possible source areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2011. Vol. 116, no C09008
Keyword [en]
sea ice, Arctic Ocean, sediment
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Research subject
Marine Geoscience
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-67080DOI: 10.1029/2010JC006675ISI: 000295132300002OAI: diva2:469477
Available from: 2011-12-27 Created: 2011-12-26 Last updated: 2011-12-30Bibliographically approved

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