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Dental caries in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a population-based follow-up study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
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2011 (English)In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 119, no 5, 381-385 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study tested the hypothesis that adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) exhibit a higher prevalence of caries than adolescents in a control group. Thirty-two adolescents with ADHD and a control group of 55 adolescents from a population-based sample, all 17 yr of age, underwent a clinical and radiographic dental examination. The mean +/- SD number of decayed surfaces (DS) was 2.0 +/- 2.2 in adolescents with ADHD and 0.9 +/- 1.4 in adolescents of the control group. Thirty-one per cent of the adolescents in the ADHD group had no new caries lesions (DS = 0) compared with 62% in the control group. Six per cent of the adolescents in the ADHD group were caries free [decayed, missing or filled surfaces (DMFS) = 0] compared with 29% in the control group. Adolescents with ADHD also had a higher percentage of gingival sites that exhibited bleeding on probing compared with the control group: 35 +/- 39% vs. 16 +/- 24% (mean +/- SD), respectively. At 17 yr of age, adolescents with ADHD exhibited a statistically significantly higher prevalence of caries compared with an age-matched control group. Adolescents with ADHD need more support regarding oral hygiene and dietary habits. They should be followed up with shorter intervals between dental examinations to prevent caries progression during adulthood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 119, no 5, 381-385 p.
Keyword [en]
adolescent, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dental caries, gingival inflammation, oral health
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-66528DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2011.00844.xISI: 000294808000008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-66528DiVA: diva2:469813
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authorCount :5Available from: 2011-12-27 Created: 2011-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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