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Radiation-magnetohydrodynamic simulations of H II regions and their associated PDRs in turbulent molecular clouds
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
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2011 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 414, no 2, 1747-1768 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present the results of radiation-magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the formation and expansion of H II regions and their surrounding photodissociation regions (PDRs) in turbulent, magnetized, molecular clouds on scales of up to 4 pc. We include the effects of ionizing and non-ionizing ultraviolet radiation and X-rays from population synthesis models of young star clusters. For all our simulations we find that the H II region expansion reduces the disordered component of the magnetic field, imposing a large-scale order on the field around its border, with the field in the neutral gas tending to lie along the ionization front, while the field in the ionized gas tends to be perpendicular to the front. The highest pressure-compressed neutral and molecular gas is driven towards approximate equipartition between thermal, magnetic and turbulent energy densities, whereas lower pressure neutral/molecular gas bifurcates into, on the one hand, quiescent, magnetically dominated regions and, on the other hand, turbulent, demagnetized regions. The ionized gas shows approximate equipartition between thermal and turbulent energy densities, but with magnetic energy densities that are 1-3 orders of magnitude lower. A high velocity dispersion (similar to 8 km s(-1)) is maintained in the ionized gas throughout our simulations, despite the mean expansion velocity being significantly lower. The magnetic field does not significantly brake the large-scale H II region expansion on the length and time-scales accessible to our simulations, but it does tend to suppress the smallest scale fragmentation and radiation-driven implosion of neutral/molecular gas that forms globules and pillars at the edge of the H II region. However, the relative luminosity of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation has a much larger influence than the presence or absence of the magnetic field. When the star cluster radiation field is relatively soft (as in the case of a lower mass cluster, containing an earliest spectral type of B0.5), then fragmentation is less vigorous and a thick, relatively smooth PDR forms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 414, no 2, 1747-1768 p.
Keyword [en]
MHD, stars: formation, H II regions, ISM: kinematics and dynamics, photodissociation region (PDR)
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-67572DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18507.xISI: 000292740500072OAI: diva2:470587
authorCount :5Available from: 2011-12-29 Created: 2011-12-29 Last updated: 2011-12-29Bibliographically approved

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Mellema, Garrelt
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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