The Ethnic Chinese in Vietnam Since 1975 – From Exodus to Reintegration
2009 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
The purpose of this paper is to study the developments relating to the ethnic Chinese in Vietnam since 1975. The paper takes at its starting point the patterns of demographic change that have taken place since the mid-1970s and the considerable decline in the number of ethnic Chinese in Vietnam during that period. The late 1970s was characterised by large-scale migration of ethnic Chinese from Vietnam. The policies of socialist transformation were a major factor in the exodus from the southern part of Vietnam in 1978 and 1979, while in the northern part deteriorating relations between Vietnam and China triggered an exodus in 1978. Changes in the policies of the Vietnamese authorities towards the remaining ethnic Chinese caused another large-scale outward movement in 1979. Since 1979 the ethnic Chinese population has continued to diminish as displayed by the official censuses of 1989 and 1999 but at a considerably lower pace then in the late 1970s. The liberalisation of the Vietnamese economy and the broader process of renovation coupled with a political process of re-integration of the ethnic Chinese by both the Vietnamese government and the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam have brought about better conditions for the ethnic Chinese population in the country.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-67950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-67950DiVA: diva2:471277
Paper prepared for “Session 1: Vietnam I”, of the: “Ethnic Chinese in Contemporary Indochinese States and Myanmar: An International Conference”. Jointly organised by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) and the Chinese Heritage Centre (CHC), Singapore, 6 August 2009