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Uncoupled respiration, ROS production, acute lipotoxicity and oxidative damage in isolated skeletal muscle mitochondria from UCP3-ablated mice
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Wenner-Gren Institute .
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Wenner-Gren Institute .
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2011 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, ISSN 0005-2728, E-ISSN 1879-2650, Vol. 1807, no 9, 1095-1105 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The function of uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) is still not established. Mitochondrial uncoupling, control of ROS production, protection against lipotoxicity and protection against oxidative stress are functions classically discussed. To establish a role for UCP3 in these functions, we have here used UCP3 (-/-) mice, backcrossed for 10 generations on a C57Bl/6 background. In isolated skeletal muscle mitochondria, we examined uncoupled respiration, both unstimulated and in the presence of fatty acids. We did not observe any difference between mitochondria from wildtype and UCP3 (-/-) mice. We measured H(2)O(2) production rate and respiration rate under reactive oxygen species-generating conditions (succinate without rotenone) but found no effect of UCP3. We tested two models of acute lipotoxicity fatty add-induced oxidative inhibition and fatty acid-induced swelling-but did not observe any protective effect of UCP3. We examined oxidative stress by quantifying 4-hydroxynonenal protein adducts and protein carbonyls in the mitochondria-but did not observe any protective effect of UCP3. We conclude that under the experimental conditions tested here, we find no evidence for the function of UCP3 being basal or induced uncoupling, regulation of ROS production, protection against acute lipotoxicity or protection against oxidative damage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 1807, no 9, 1095-1105 p.
Keyword [en]
UCP3, Oxidative stress, ROS, Skeletal muscle mitochondria, Oxidative capacity, Fatty acids
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68040DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2011.04.003ISI: 000293550300009PubMedID: 21565164OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68040DiVA: diva2:471806
Note
authorCount :8Available from: 2012-01-03 Created: 2012-01-02 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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