Carbon mineralization and pyrite oxidation in groundwater: Importance for silicate weathering in boreal forest soils and stream base-flow chemistry
2011 (English)In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 26, no 3, 319-324 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
What role does mineralized organic C and sulfide oxidation play in weathering of silicate minerals in deep groundwater aquifers? In this study, how H(2)CO(3), produced as a result of mineralization of organic matter during groundwater transport, affects silicate weathering in the saturated zone of the mineral soil along a 70 m-long boreal hillslope is demonstrated. Stream water measurements of base cations and delta(18)O are included to determine the importance of the deep groundwater system for downstream surface water. The results suggest that H2CO3 generated from organic compounds being mineralized during the lateral transport stimulates weathering at depths between 0.5 and 3 m in the soil. This finding is indicated by progressively increasing concentrations of base cations-, silica- and inorganic C (IC) in the groundwater along the hillslope that co-occur with decreasing organic C (OC) concentrations. Protons derived from sulfide oxidation appear to be an additional driver of the weathering process as indicated by a buildup of SO(4)(2-) in the groundwater during lateral transport and a delta(34)S parts per thousand value of +0.26-3.76 parts per thousand in the deep groundwater indicating S inputs from pyrite. The two identified active acids in the deep groundwater are likely to control the base-flow chemistry of streams draining larger catchments (>1 km(2)) as evident by delta(18)O signatures and base cation concentrations that overlap with that of the groundwater.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 26, no 3, 319-324 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-67917DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.12.005ISI: 000287948900007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-67917DiVA: diva2:471880
authorCount :42012-01-032012-01-022012-01-03Bibliographically approved