Skeletal changes in lower limb bones in domestic cattle from Eketorp ringfort on the Öland island in Sweden
(English)In: International Journal of Paleopathology, ISSN 1879-9825Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract: In this paper the occurrence of skeletal changes in joints has been investigated in cattleextremities. The bone elements derive from the archaeological site Eketorp ringfort on the Ölandisland in Sweden dated between Iron Age - Middle Age (ca 300 - 1200/50 A.D.). The analysis wasconducted in order to examine skeletal lesions and their connection to traction work. Different skeletallesions were recorded and the joint surface on metapodia and phalanges was divided in 4-7 sites toexamine if different types of lesions were located on particular sites of the articular facets or ifdifferent types of lesions were noted in bone elements from fore- and hindlimbs. The results show thatmetatarsals exhibited a higher frequency of pathologies in both phases compared to metacarpals whileanterior phalanges 1 and 2 had a higher occurrence of lesions than the posterior elements. The studyalso demonstrates that the type and location of depressions on joint surfaces are unevenly distributedbetween bone elements. Furthermore the results show that the occurrence of skeletal lesions weremore common in robust animals.
Cattle; traction work; paleopathology; skeletal changes; zooarchaeology; methodology;
Research subject Archaeology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68163OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68163DiVA: diva2:472004