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Anomalous decoherence and absence of thermalization in a photonic many-body system
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
2011 (English)In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 83, no 5, 052103- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The intention of this work is twofold: first, to present a most simple system capable of simulating the intrinsic bosonic Josephson effect with photons and, second, to study various outcomes deriving from inherent or external decoherence. A qubit induces an effective coupling between two externally pumped cavity modes. Without cavity losses and in the dispersive regime, intrinsic Josephson oscillations of photons between the two modes occurs. In this case, contrary to regular Markovian decoherence, the qubit purity shows a Gaussian decay and recurrence of its coherence. Due to intrinsic nonlinearities, both the Josephson oscillations as well as the qubit properties display a rich collapse-revival structure, where, however, the complexity of the qubit evolution is in some sense stronger. The qubit as a meter of the photon dynamics is considered, and it is shown that qubit dephasing, originating, for example, from nondemolition measurements, results in an exponential destruction of the oscillations which manifests the collectiveness of the Josephson effect. Nonselective qubit measurements, on the other hand, render a Zeno effect seen in a slowing down of the Josephson oscillations. Contrary to dephasing, cavity dissipation results in a Gaussian decay of the scaled Josephson oscillations. Finally, following Ponomarev et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 010405 (2011)], we analyze aspects of thermalization. In particular, despite similarities with the generic model studied by Ponomarev et al., our system does not seem to thermalize.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 83, no 5, 052103- p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68096DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.052103ISI: 000290161800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68096DiVA: diva2:472660
Note
authorCount :1Available from: 2012-01-04 Created: 2012-01-03 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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