The study analysed how the work barriers and sociodemographic
characteristics of both activated and nonactivated
social assistance claimants influence their
participation in activation and exposure to coercion, measured
as two opposite indicators – sanctions and exemptions. The
study covered 372 social assistance claimants in four municipalities
during a period of 1 year. The results suggest that
resource activation, which entails education and/or work practice
in regular workplaces, often targets claimants who lack
work motivation, whereas job activation, which aims at quick
entry into the labour market, targets young claimants and
claimants who lack formal skills (education and/or work experience).
Swedish men older than 25 years appear to run the
highest risk of facing sanctions irrespective of participation in
activation. Exemptions vary more than sanctions between
activated and non-activated claimants. The results are discussed
in terms of five logics operating in social work.
2011. Vol. Dec.