Alcohol Habits in Sweden during 1997-2009 with Particular Focus on 2005 and 2009, Assessed with the AUDIT: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study
2011 (English)In: European Addiction Research, ISSN 1022-6877, E-ISSN 1421-9891, Vol. 17, no 2, 90-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: This study aimed to survey the changes in alcohol habits during a period with the European Union legal practices. Methods: Alcohol habits in Sweden were surveyed in the general Swedish population at four timepoints, in 1997, 2001, 2005 and 2009, using the 10-item AUDIT questionnaire. Design: Four separate randomly drawn cross-sectional samples of 1,250 individuals were surveyed at each timepoint. Results: An average of 70% of the sampled individuals responded to the AUDIT questionnaire. Men had higher total AUDIT scores than women in 2005 and 2009, but scores increased among women 61-71 years old and decreased among men 61-71 years old. Younger men and women 17-27 years old decreased their AUDIT-C consumption scores by almost 20% between 2005 and 2009. An analysis of problem drinkers (+8 for men/+6 for women) indicated that a larger proportion of elderly women drank moderately in 2009 compared with 2005, but fewer elderly women drank hazardously. Conclusions: Earlier increases in drinking levels between 1997 and 2001 may reflect a latent high demand that was restricted by low availability. When availability due to European Union harmonization increased, alcohol consumption followed suit. After a period of adaptation, alcohol consumption appears to have stabilized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 17, no 2, 90-96 p.
Alcohol habits, Sweden, AUDIT Questionnaire, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Swedish alcohol policy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68670DOI: 10.1159/000322068ISI: 000288869400006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68670DiVA: diva2:473101
authorCount :52012-01-052012-01-042012-01-05Bibliographically approved