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Effects of oxazepam on affective perception, recognition, and event-related potentials
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2011 (English)In: Psychopharmacology, ISSN 0033-3158, E-ISSN 1432-2072, Vol. 215, no 2, 301-309 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Little is known about how rapid electrocortical responses (event-related potentials; ERPs) to affective pictures are modulated by benzodiazepine agonists. The present study investigated effects of oxazepam (20 mg p.o.) on behavioral measures and ERPs associated with affective picture processing during perception and recognition memory retrieval. Methods Forty-three healthy young adults were given oxazepam or placebo treatment under a double-blind experimental procedure. Affective pictures (negatively arousing or neutral) elicited ERP responses and participants rated pictures for emotionality (during incidental encoding) and recognition. Results Oxazepam did not affect perceptual (P1, P2) or emotional (early posterior negativity and late parietal positivity) ERPs or ratings during perception. However, oxazepam impaired recognition performance and decreased positive mid-frontal ERP component at 420-450 ms for old vs. new pictures. The memory impairment was retained at the delayed memory test. Conclusions Oxazepam does not selectively influence electrocortical or perceptual indexes of emotional perception or emotional memory. Rather, it blocks memory consolidation independent of valence category. These findings indicate that ERPs can be of use in assessing effects of benzodiazepines on memory-related processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 215, no 2, 301-309 p.
Keyword [en]
emotion, evoked potentials, benzodiazepine, memory, visual perception
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68527DOI: 10.1007/s00213-010-2141-zISI: 000289985700010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68527DiVA: diva2:473234
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authorCount :5Available from: 2012-01-05 Created: 2012-01-04 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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