Vertical and temporal distribution of the dinoflagellates Dinophysis acuminata and D. norvegica in the Baltic Sea
2011 (English)In: Boreal environment research, ISSN 1239-6095, Vol. 16, no 2, 121-135 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigated the distributions of the toxic dinoflagellates Dinophysis acuminata and D. norvegica in the brackish Baltic Sea, and found them to differ both regarding their seasonality and their vertical distribution. Dittophysis acuminata was considerably more abundant, especially in the Gulf of Finland, where we observed an August peak of 14 300 cells l(-1). It occurred in elevated abundances during or after periods of high phytoplankton biomass in early and late summer. Dinophysis norvegica was abundant during a shorter period, peaking one month after the first D. acuminata maximum. While D. norvegica probably is restricted by both salinity and temperature in the northern Baltic Sea, the more tolerant D. acuminata thrives. The results presented here expand the wide range of scenarios in which D. acuminata may bloom worldwide. Both species mainly formed population maxima either in the mixed surface waters or near the thermocline. Dinophysis acuminata usually occurred in the illuminated and nutrient-poor mixed surface layer, but in the presence of light and a nutricline it formed distinct subsurface peaks. Dinophysis norvegica was not as sensitive to darkness and predominantly formed subsurface peaks, even below the euphotic zone. These occurrences were promoted by shallow stratification, and the combination of a deep mixed layer and cool surface waters drew the D. norvegica population closer to the surface. When D. acuminata and D. norvegica co-occurred, their abundances peaked at different depths; this was observed even when both species formed maxima in the surface layer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 16, no 2, 121-135 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68520ISI: 000290192500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68520DiVA: diva2:473420
authorCount :42012-01-052012-01-042012-01-05Bibliographically approved