A method for the analysis of sucralose with electrospray LC/MS in recipient waters and in sewage effluent subjected to tertiary treatment technologies
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0306-7319, Vol. 91, no 4, 357-366 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A method for the analysis of the artificial sweetener sucralose in sewage water and recipient water was developed. Extraction and clean up was performed with solid-phase extraction utilising Oasis HLB columns. Detection was made by liquid chromatography electrospray mass spectrometry (LC/MS). The triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer was operated in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. However, 'pseudo MRM' was used, a technique where the two quadrupoles monitor the same m/z. The sodium adduct of sucralose was used for quantification, since lower detection limits were obtained as compared to the sucralose quasi-molecular ion in negative ion mode. The two ions with highest intensity in the chlorine isotope pattern were monitored. The reduction of matrix effects with this approach is discussed. The method limit of quantification (MLOQ) for sewage water was 0.2 mu g L(-1), whereas for recipient water MLOQ was 0.02 mu g L(-1). The method was used to analyse effluent samples from an experimental sewage treatment plant (STP) to assess the efficiency of tertiary treatment techniques for removal of sucralose. Filtration through activated carbon was shown to be efficient, while ozonation, advanced oxidation techniques and membrane bioreactors were less efficient. Analyses of receiving waters showed low dilution of sucralose emitted from the STPs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 91, no 4, 357-366 p.
sewage treatment, receiving waters, sodium adduct, matrix effects
Chemical Sciences Environmental Sciences Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68662DOI: 10.1080/03067310903582333ISI: 000288369000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68662DiVA: diva2:473640
authorCount :42012-01-062012-01-042012-01-06Bibliographically approved