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Creoles are typologically distinct from non-creoles
Research Centre for Grammar and Language Use, Aarhus University .
Research Centre for Grammar and Language Use, Aarhus University.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0840-1357
Universität Siegen.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Pidgin and Creole languages ( Print), ISSN 0920-9034, E-ISSN 1569-9870, Vol. 26, no 1, 5-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In creolist circles, there has been a long-standing debate whether creoles differ structurally from non-creole languages and thus would form a special class of languages with specific typological properties. This debate about the typological status of creole languages has severely suffered from a lack of systematic empirical study. This paper presents for the first time a number of large-scale empirical investigations of the status of creole languages as a typological class on the basis of different and well-balanced samples of creole and non-creole languages. Using statistical modeling (multiple regression) and recently developed computational tools of quantitative typology (phylogenetic trees and networks), this paper provides robust evidence that creoles indeed form a structurally distinguishable subgroup within the world's languages. The findings thus seriously challenge approaches that hold that creole languages are structurally indistinguishable from non-creole languages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 26, no 1, 5-42 p.
Keyword [en]
creole languages, typology, substrates, gradual creolization, creole exceptionalism, lexifiers, morphology, WALS, diffusion, phylogenetic methods, trees, language history, networks
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-68660DOI: 10.1075/jpcl.26.1.02bakISI: 000288107100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-68660DiVA: diva2:473641
Note

authorCount :4

Available from: 2012-01-06 Created: 2012-01-04 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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