How does a city become a Cultural Capital? This was the main question asked in the field study that is the basis of the present thesis. The study consisted in observing, at close range, the process of organizing the big event, but also to some extent the Cultural Capital Year itself (in the thesis reported as a photo-linguistic montage). A temporary organization called Stockholm - Cultural Capital of Europe 1998, was created to actualize a project with the same name.
This temporary organization first organized itself, and then it organized an action net necessary for the big event. These two organizing processes were guided by different principles. The logic of appropriateness was the principle behind the temporary organization's way of organizing itself, while the logic of imagination directed the organizing of the Cultural Capital. In their efforts, the organizers let themselves be guided by various models, including those of earlier Cultural Capitals who left traces of their own organizing processes. The Stockholm '98 temporary organization had similar ambitions - to leave a trace lasting longer than the Cultural Year itself. To the City of Stockholm they left a database used during 1998 to inform citizens and tourists about cultural activities taking place in the city. The work of creating such a database revealed the importance of stability within an action net, stability largely achieved by the use of artifacts, in this case computers and software. The study also showed the role that artifacts play in forming a unit of power.
As temporary organizations do not live long, it is difficult to speak about an "organization field", as is usual in the case of more long-lived organizations. As it turned out, however, temporary organizations form a time-field. In such a field, time is what both connects and divides the units present in the field. A time-field becomes structured as a result of both isomorphic and heteromorphic tendencies. The isomorphic structuring takes place mainly through a mimetic process in which earlier organizations and events serve as models for attractive features. The heteromorphic structuring is the result of a search for distinctiveness, an attempt to become, but also remain, unique.
Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2000. , 225 p.
Stockholm; Cultural Capital; Temporary Organization; Action Net; Imitation; Translation; Time-field; Isomorphism; Heteromorphism