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Structural requirements for mutation formation from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dihydrodiol epoxides in their interaction with food chemopreventive compounds
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Toxicology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Toxicology.
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2011 (English)In: Food and Chemical Toxicology, ISSN 0278-6915, E-ISSN 1873-6351, Vol. 49, no 4, 879-886 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Chinese hamster V79 cells were used to investigate the protective effect of four known antimutagens present in food, chlorophyllin (CHL), ellagic acid (EA), epigallocathechingallate (EGCG) and benzylisothiocyanate (BITC), against potent mutagenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dial epoxides (PAH-DE) derived from benzo[a]pyrene (BP), dibenzo[a,h]anthracene (DBA), dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP), and benzo[c]phenanthrene (BPh) known to be deposited on crops from polluted ambient air or formed during food processing. As fjord-region PAH-DE are more toxic and mutagenic than bay-region PAH-DE, we adjusted the concentrations of PAH-DE to induce approximately the same levels of adducts. The studies were performed using an assay indicating toxicity in terms of reduced cell proliferation together with the V79 Hprt assay for monitoring mutant frequencies. CHL significantly increased the survival and showed a protective effect against the mutagenicity of all PAH-DE. A significant protective effect of EA was found towards the mutagenicity of BPDE, DBPDE and BPhDE and with EGCG for BPDE and BPhDE. BITC had a slight positive effect on the mutagenicity of DBADE and BPhDE. Taken together, a novel and unexpected finding was that the antimutagenic activity could differ as much as by a factor of 7 towards four carcinogenic PAH metabolites being relatively similar in structure and genotoxic activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 49, no 4, 879-886 p.
Keyword [en]
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Chlorophyllin, Ellagic acid, Benzylisothiocyanate, Epigallocathechingallate, Mutations
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-69097DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2010.12.011ISI: 000289136100023OAI: diva2:474990
authorCount :5Available from: 2012-01-10 Created: 2012-01-10 Last updated: 2012-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Lagerqvist, AnneHåkansson, DanielJenssen, Dag
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