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The fratricide of αΩ dynamos by their α2 siblings
Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita).
2011 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 535, A48- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context. Helically forced magneto-hydrodynamic shearing-sheet turbulence can support different large-scale dynamo modes, although the αΩ mode is generally expected to dominate because it is the fastest growing one. In an αΩ dynamo, most of the field amplification is produced by the shear. As differential rotation is an ubiquitous source of shear in astrophysics, such dynamos are believed to be the source of most astrophysical large-scale magnetic fields. Aims: We study the stability of oscillatory migratory αΩ type dynamos in turbulence simulations. Methods: We use shearing-sheet simulations of hydromagnetic turbulence that is helically forced at a wavenumber that is about three times larger than the lowest wavenumber in the domain so that both αΩ and α2 dynamo action is possible. Results: After initial dominance and saturation, the αΩ mode is found to be destroyed by an orthogonal α2 mode sustained by the helical turbulence alone. We show that there are at least two processes through which this transition can occur. Conclusions: The fratricide of αΩ dynamos by its α2 sibling is discussed in the context of grand minima of stellar activity. However, the genesis of αΩ dynamos from an α2 dynamo has not yet been found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 535, A48- p.
Keyword [en]
Sun: dynamo, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), dynamo
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70044DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201116705ISI: 000297841200060OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-70044DiVA: diva2:478715
Available from: 2012-01-16 Created: 2012-01-16 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Hubbard, AlexanderRheinhardt, MatthiasBrandenburg, Axel
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