Ferroelectric Domain Structures and Electrical Properties of Fine-Grained Lead-Free Sodium Potassium Niobate Ceramics
2011 (English)In: Journal of The American Ceramic Society, ISSN 0002-7820, E-ISSN 1551-2916, Vol. 94, no 10, 3391-3396 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Piezoelectric ceramics of the composition Na(0.5)K(0.5)NbO(3) (NKN) with grain sizes in the range of 0.2-1 mu m were fabricated by spark plasma sintering. Ferroelectric domain size decreases with decreasing grain size and non-180 degrees ferroelectric domains walls were still visible in 200 nm sized grains. The Curie point of the ceramics was grain size independent. This suggests that the critical grain size for a single domain single grain structure for NKN is <200 nm. Optimized processing conditions enabled ceramics of high densities (>99.5% theoretical density) to be made at T >= 850 degrees C. For the dense ceramics (grain size >= 350 nm), the room temperature dielectric constant and coercive field increased with decreasing grain size. The remnant polarization was grain size independent. The material sintered at 850 degrees C is a very good candidate for lead-free piezoelectric applications because of its high piezoelectric constant (d(33) = 160 +/- 2 pC/N).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 94, no 10, 3391-3396 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-69911DOI: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2011.04510.xISI: 000295524300045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-69911DiVA: diva2:479646
authorCount :82012-01-182012-01-152012-01-18Bibliographically approved