Ribonucleotide reductase inhibition by p-alkoxyphenols studied by molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations.
2011 (English)In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, ISSN 0003-9861, E-ISSN 1096-0384, Vol. 516, no 1, 29-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) is necessary for production of the precursor deoxyribonucleotides for DNA synthesis. Class Ia RNR functions via a stable free radical in one of the two components protein R2. The enzyme mechanism involves long range (proton coupled) electron transfer between protein R1 and the tyrosyl radical in protein R2. Earlier experimental studies showed that p-alkoxyphenols inhibit RNR. Here, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations involving protein R2 suggest an inhibition mechanism for p-alkoxyphenols . A low energy binding pocket is identified in protein R2. The preferred configuration provides a structural basis explaining their specific binding to the Escherichia coli and mouse R2 proteins. Trp48 (E. coli numbering), on the electron transfer pathway, is involved in the interactions with the inhibitors. The relative order of the binding energies calculated for the phenol derivatives to protein R2 is correlated with earlier experimental data on inhibition efficiency, in turn related to increasing size of the hydrophobic alkyl substituents. Using the configuration identified by molecular docking as a starting point for molecular dynamics simulations, we find that the p-allyloxyphenol interrupts the catalytic electron transfer pathway of the R2 protein by forming hydrogen bonds with Trp48 and Asp237, thus explaining the inhibitory activity of p-alkoxyphenols.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 516, no 1, 29-34 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70251DOI: 10.1016/j.abb.2011.09.003ISI: 000297568300004PubMedID: 21951815OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-70251DiVA: diva2:480017
authorCount :22012-01-182012-01-182012-01-24Bibliographically approved