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Analysis of predictive entry guidance for a Mars lander under high model uncertainties
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
2011 (English)In: Acta Astronautica, Vol. 68Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The problem of precision landing on Mars is now considered to be an essential challenge in the planned Mars missions. The paper focused on the guided atmospheric entry as a predominant phase in achieving a desired target state, as compared with the following parachute and powered descent. The predictive algorithms for the longitudinal guidance of a low-lift entry vehicle are treated. The purpose is to investigate applicability of the predictive strategy under possible high discrepancies between the on-board dynamic model and real environment while in entry trajectory. The comparative performance analysis based on computer simulation has been made between the standard one-parametric “shooting” predictive algorithm and a more complex two-parametric algorithm providing lower final velocity and, thus, expanding the interval of admissible downrange. However, both algorithms display considerable degradation of downrange accuracy in the cases when the actual drag force is larger than the modelled one. An acceptable solution has been found by including to both predictive guidance schemes an identification algorithm that repeatedly adapts the on-board model to varied environment in real time scale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd. , 2011. Vol. 68
Keyword [en]
Mars lander; Entry phase; Predictive guidance; Precision landing; Atmospheric uncertainties; Adaptation
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Computer and Systems Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70559DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2010.08.005OAI: diva2:482006
Available from: 2012-01-23 Created: 2012-01-23

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