Backscatter factors and mass energy-absorption coefficient ratios for diagnostic radiology dosimetry
2011 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 56, no 22, 7179-7204 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Backscatter factors, B, and mass energy-absorption coefficient ratios, (mu(en)/rho)(omega,) (air), for the determination of the surface dose in diagnostic radiology were calculated using Monte Carlo simulations. The main purpose was to extend the range of available data to qualities used in modern x-ray techniques, particularly for interventional radiology. A comprehensive database for mono-energetic photons between 4 and 150 keV and different field sizes was created for a 15 cm thick water phantom. Backscattered spectra were calculated with the PENELOPE Monte Carlo system, scoring track-length fluence differential in energy with negligible statistical uncertainty; using the Monte Carlo computed spectra, B factors and (mu(en)/rho)(omega), air were then calculated numerically for each energy. Weighted averaging procedures were subsequently used to convolve incident clinical spectra with mono-energetic data. The method was benchmarked against full Monte Carlo calculations of incident clinical spectra obtaining differences within 0.3-0.6%. The technique used enables the calculation of B and (mu(en)/rho)(w), air for any incident spectrum without further time-consuming Monte Carlo simulations. The adequacy of the extended dosimetry data to a broader range of clinical qualities than those currently available, while keeping consistency with existing data, was confirmed through detailed comparisons. Mono-energetic and spectra-averaged values were compared with published data, including those in ICRU Report 74 and IAEA TRS-457, finding average differences of 0.6%. Results are provided in comprehensive tables appropriated for clinical use. Additional qualities can easily be calculated using a designed GUI interface in conjunction with software to generate incident photon spectra.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 56, no 22, 7179-7204 p.
Research subject Medical Radiation Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70659DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/56/22/012ISI: 000296768700016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-70659DiVA: diva2:482669
authorCount :42012-01-242012-01-232015-03-04Bibliographically approved