Development of a dynamic model for estimating the food web transfer of chemicals in small aquatic ecosystems
2011 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 409, no 24, 5416-5422 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A dynamic combined fate and food web model was developed to estimate the food web transfer of chemicals in small aquatic ecosystems (i.e. ponds). A novel feature of the modeling approach is that aquatic macrophytes (submerged aquatic vegetation) were included in the fate model and were also a food item in the food web model. The paper aims to investigate whether macrophytes are effective at mitigating chemical exposure and to compare the modeling approach developed here with previous modeling approaches recommended in the European Union (EU) guideline for risk assessment of pesticides. The model was used to estimate bioaccumulation of three hypothetical chemicals of varying hydrophobicity in a pond food web comprising 11 species. Three different macrophyte biomass densities were simulated in the model experiments to determine the influence of macrophytes on fate and bioaccumulation. Macrophytes were shown to have a significant effect on the fate and food web transfer of highly hydrophobic compounds with log K(ow)> = 5. Modeled peak concentrations in biota were highest for the scenarios with the lowest macrophyte biomass density. The distribution and food web transfer of the hypothetical compound with the lowest hydrophobicity (log K(ow) = 3) was not affected by the inclusion of aquatic macrophytes in the pond environment. For the three different hypothetical chemicals and at all macrophyte biomass densities, the maximum predicted concentrations in the top predator in the food web model were at least one order of magnitude lower than the values estimated using methods suggested in EU guidelines. The EU guideline thus provides a highly conservative estimate of risk. In our opinion, and subject to further model evaluation, a realistic assessment of dynamic food web transfer and risk can be obtained using the model presented here.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 409, no 24, 5416-5422 p.
Fate, Exposure, Dynamic model, Bioaccumulation, Macrophytes, Risk
Ecology Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70652DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.08.070ISI: 000297444800030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-70652DiVA: diva2:482926
authorCount :32012-01-242012-01-232012-10-18Bibliographically approved