To what extent do core self-evaluations and coping style influence the perception of job insecurity?
2011 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Background: Job insecurity is a modern day work stressor, experienced by workers worldwide. Over the last few decades, increased flexibility and lack of stability in employment has made job insecurity a work stressor that keeps affecting more and more employees. Increased flexibility and lack of stability in employment makes individuals responsible for staying employable and securing their job. Among the individual-level negative consequences are threats to well-being, health and work attitudes. Stress theory explains how primary and secondary appraisal determines the perception of a stressor and eventual strain. This implicates that how individuals experience and interpret contextual clues influences their perception of job insecurity. The notion of such a link has been supported by previous research where relations between job insecurity and certain personality traits have been found. However, the single trait-approach has been criticized as it makes it difficult to compare results and develop theory further.
Aim: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between core self-evaluations and job insecurity, and the possible mediating effect of coping style.
Methods: The study investigated to what extent core self-evaluations influence the appraisal of job insecurity in a Swedish sample of white-collar workers (N=425). By applying the Preacher & Hayes’ macro for multiple mediation, the study also tested if there was a mediating effect of coping style on the relation between core self-evaluations and job insecurity. Data was collected in 2004 and 2005.
Results and Conclusion: The results show that core self-evaluations have predictive validity in relation to job insecurity. Core self-evaluations are also associated with task-based coping style. However, no mediating effect of coping style was found on the relation between core self-evaluations and job insecurity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
core self-evaluations, coping style, job insecurity
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70923OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-70923DiVA: diva2:483069
9th International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, Orlando, May 19-22, 2011