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The Hubble Space Telescope colours of high-redshift Population III galaxies with strong Lya emission
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
2011 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 418, no 1, L104-L108 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Population III (pop III) galaxies, made partly or exclusively of metal-free stars, are predicted to exist at high redshifts and may produce very strong Lya emission. A substantial fraction of these Lya photons are likely absorbed in the intergalactic medium at z > 6, but recent simulations suggest that significant Lya emission may be detectable up to z similar to 8.5, i.e. well into the reionization epoch. Here, we argue that high-redshift pop III galaxies with strong Lya emission can be identified in Hubble Space Telescope imaging data because of their unusual colours. We quantify this effect in some of the filters used in Y-band dropout searches for galaxies at z approximate to 8 and find that pop III galaxies with high Lya fluxes may exhibit much bluer J-H colours at z approximate to 8-10 than any normal type of galaxy at these redshifts. This colour signature can arise even if pop III stars account for as little as similar to 10(-3) to 10(-2) of the stellar mass in these galaxies. Some of the anomalously blue objects reported in current Y-band dropout samples do in fact meet the colour criteria for Lya-emitting pop III galaxies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 418, no 1, L104-L108 p.
Keyword [en]
stars: Population III, galaxies: high-redshift, dark ages, reionization, first stars
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
Astronomy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70880DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2011.01153.xISI: 000297045700022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-70880DiVA: diva2:483449
Note

authorCount :4

Available from: 2012-01-25 Created: 2012-01-24 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Gravitational lensing as a probe of the first stars and galaxies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gravitational lensing as a probe of the first stars and galaxies
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates the potential for detection and identification of primordial stars, galaxies, and supernovae at high redshift.

Simulations indicate that the first Population III stars should appear in minihalos of mass M = 105-106 Msol at z ≈ 10-30. To assess the detectability of these objects, theoretical models of these stars and their surrounding HII regions are used. We assess the plausibility of detection with the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), using the gravitational lensing provided by the galaxy cluster MACSJ0717.5+3745. The conclusion is that the detection of these objects is highly improbable but not impossible.

To investigate the prospects of detecting and identifying the first galaxies, the spectral synthesis code Yggdrasil is introduced. According to this code, JWST may be able to detect Population III galaxies with stellar masses as low as 105 Msol at z ≈ 10 in unlensed fields. We find that, over limited redshift intervals, it could be possible to use Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and/or JWST broadband color criteria to single out Population III galaxy candidates.

The prospects of detecting gravitationally lensed Population III galaxies with JWST and HST is investigated. A lower limit to detect ≈1 Population III galaxy of ε ≈ 10-2 (HST/CLASH) and ε ≈ 10-3 (JWST using MACS J0717.5+3745 as lens) is derived, where ε is the baryon fraction converted to Population III stars in a host halo.

By fitting HST/CLASH data to Yggdrasil and comparison grids, two Population III galaxy candidates are discovered. These two candidates are the first Population III galaxy candidates discovered at z > 6.5. A highly-magnified and doubly lensed extremely high-redshift (z ≈ 7.8) object is also identified.

Finally the prospects of detecting core-collapse (CC) supernovae (SN) from the first galaxies at z ≈ 5-12 are investigated. The prediction is that no primordial SN is detectable, but 2-3 CC SN should be discovered by the HST/CLASH.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, 2015. 54 p.
Keyword
stars: Population III, first stars, Galaxies: high-redshift, Galaxies: Population III, dark ages, reionization, techniques: photometric
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
Astronomy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-110070 (URN)978-91-7649-068-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-01-30, FA32, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Submitted. Paper 6: Submitted. Paper 7: Manuscript.

Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2014-12-05 Last updated: 2015-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Zackrisson, ErikRydberg, Claes-ErikDuval, Florent
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