Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Triclosan in individual human milk samples from Australia
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM).
Show others and affiliations
2011 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 85, no 11, 1682-1686 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Triclosan is a chlorinated phenol ether that has been in widespread use as a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent for four decades. When compared to the limited international data available on human body burden of triclosan, results from a pooled blood study suggested that triclosan concentrations in Australia were a factor two higher than observed in Sweden. This study determined triclosan levels in individual human milk samples (n = 151) collected between 2002 and 2005 from primiparous Australian mothers. It provided the first report of population triclosan levels and individual variation in Australia and gave a measure of infant exposure via breast feeding. The distribution of triclosan concentration was positively skewed, with 7.2% of the samples below the LOQ 66% with a concentration of less than or equal to 1.0 ng g(-1) fresh weight and the remaining samples above 1 ng g(-1) reaching a maximum concentration of 19 ng g(-1) fresh weight. The mean and median triclosan concentrations were 1.3 +/- 2.7 ng g(-1) f.w. and 0.26 ng g(-1) f.w., respectively. The results of this study showed high variability in triclosan concentrations between individuals and no correlations with maternal age (p = 0.094), maternal weight (p = 0.971) or infant age at the time of sample collection (p = 0.621). A large number of samples contained low or non-quantifiable concentrations of triclosan and so, in Australia, ubiquitous background exposure due to environmental sources is low. This means that body burden can be influenced by an individual's use of triclosan containing product. Given that triclosan containing product use is continuing, it is important that monitoring in both humans and the environment is continued and that triclosan containing products are adequately labeled so that an individual can choose to avoid exposure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 85, no 11, 1682-1686 p.
Keyword [en]
Triclosan, Human breast milk, Intake, Australia, Exposure
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-71149DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.08.009ISI: 000298575100004OAI: diva2:483924
authorCount :7Available from: 2012-01-26 Created: 2012-01-26 Last updated: 2012-01-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Adolfsson-Erici, MargarethaMcLachlan, Michael
By organisation
Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM)
In the same journal
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 21 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link