Environmental occurrence and fate of semifluorinated n-alkanes in snow and soil samples from a ski area
2011 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 85, no 9, 1458-1463 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Semifluorinated n-alkanes (SFAs) with carbon chain lengths of 22 to approximately 36 atoms are present in fluorinated ski waxes to reduce the friction between ski base and snow, resulting in a better glide. Semifluorinated n-alkenes (SFAenes) are byproducts in the production process of SFAs and are also found in ski waxes. Snow and soil samples from a ski area in Sweden were taken after a large skiing competition and after snowmelt, respectively, and analyzed for SFAs and SFAenes. Single analyte concentrations in snow (analyzed as melt water) ranged from a few ng L(-1) up to 300 mu g L(-1). Sigma SFA concentrations decreased significantly from the start to the finish of the ski trail. Single analyte concentrations in soil ranged up to 9 ng g(-1) dw. Sigma SFA concentrations in soil did not show a trend along the ski trail. This may be due to the fact that concentrations in soil, although strongly influenced by the competition, reflect inputs during the whole skiing season. The chemical inventory in snow was greater than the inventory in soil for shorter chain SFAs (C(22)-C(28)) and for all SFAenes. Additionally, a significant change in SFA patterns between snow and soil samples was found. These observations suggested volatilization of shorter chain SFAs and of SFAenes during snowmelt. Evidence for long-term accumulation of SFAs in surface soil over several skiing seasons was not found.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 85, no 9, 1458-1463 p.
Semifluorinated n-alkanes, SFAs, SFAenes, Soil, Snow, Ski wax
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-71134DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.08.028ISI: 000298459000007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-71134DiVA: diva2:483977
authorCount :32012-01-262012-01-262012-01-26Bibliographically approved