Predictors of Self-Reported Prospective and Retrospective Memory in a Population-Based Sample of Older Adults
2011 (English)In: The Journal of Genetic Psychology, ISSN 0022-1325, Vol. 172, no 3, 266-284 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this article, the authors examined predictors of self-reported everyday memory failures using the Prospective and Retrospective Questionnaire (PRMQ; Smith, Della Sala, Logie, & Maylor, 2000) in a population-based sample of older adults (age range = 60–90 years; N = 250). The results showed that a higher frequency of reported failures was associated with lower scores on the personality dimension of self-directedness as assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI; Cloninger, Dragan, Svrakic, & Przybeck, 1993) and more depressive symptoms on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977). However, PRMQ scores showed no relationships with objective memory ability, as reflected by a series of retrospective memory measures and a measure of prospective memory. Neither were the PRMQ scales associated with general cognitive functioning as assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE; Folstein, Folstein, & McHugh, 1977). Taken together, the results indicate that within the older population, self-reported memory as assessed by the PRMQ may reflect mood-state and personality factors rather than individual differences in memory and cognitive ability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 172, no 3, 266-284 p.
aging, depressive symptoms, personality, subjective memory
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-71373DOI: 10.1080/00221325.2010.538450ISI: 000300000500003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-71373DiVA: diva2:484746