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Self-directed and interpersonal male violence in adolescence and young adulthood: a 30-year follow up of a Stockholm cohort
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2012 (English)In: Sociology of Health and Illness, ISSN 0141-9889, E-ISSN 1467-9566, Vol. 34, no 1, 16-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In line with Wilkinson's theory on inequality and health, this study simultaneously analyses self-directed and interpersonal violence among men in a Stockholm birth cohort born in 1953 with respect to their early life experiences of stress, their lack of social connectedness and their relative deprivation. Multinomial logistic regressions with cluster-robust variance estimates were used. Self-directed violence was found to be related to self-rated loneliness and non-membership of voluntary associations but not to a lack of friendship in school at the age of 12–13, while the opposite was shown to be true for interpersonal violence. Growing up in a family that received means-tested social assistance at least once during the period 1953–1965 was taken as an objective indicator of relative deprivation and proved to be correlated with both self-directed and interpersonal violence. Disadvantaged social comparison at the age of 12–13, taken as a subjective indicator of relative deprivation, was only statistically related to a subsequent risk of interpersonal violence. It is suggested that different types of social connectedness and relative deprivation, respectively, explain these different patterns of violence. Furthermore, the study speculates on the possibility of frequent social comparison itself being a factor to consider when trying understanding violence in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2012. Vol. 34, no 1, 16-30 p.
Keyword [en]
male violence; social connectedness; relative deprivation; social comparison; Wilkinson
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-71903DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2011.01359.xISI: 000299373500002OAI: diva2:487056
1Available from: 2012-01-31 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2014-03-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Childhood Social Exclusion and Suicidal Behavior in Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childhood Social Exclusion and Suicidal Behavior in Adolescence and Young Adulthood
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis I analyze, with the help of social epidemiological theories, childhood risk factors behind suicidal behavior in adolescence and young adulthood. The data comes mainly from the Swedish “Stockholm Birth Cohort Study” (SBC) consisting of 15,117 participants. A total of four separate studies are included.

The first study is restricted to boys born in 1953. By analyzing data from different registers and questions from a survey conducted when they were 12-13 years old it is shown that those who spent most of their time alone, had been absent from school even though they were not ill or grew up in a family which received means-tested benefits at least once during their childhood had a higher risk of taking their own lives. The second study includes the same boys, but suicidal behavior is extended to also encompass suicide attempts and is analyzed in parallel with interpersonal violence. The results show that these different behaviors can be similarly explained by shortcomings in social bonds and relative deprivation during childhood. The third study, which focuses on women’s suicidality within the SBC, shows that girls with both above and below average marks in the sixth grade had a higher risk of engaging in suicidal behavior as adolescents or young adults. However, this relation only held for girls who had grown up with supportive parental ambitions in terms of educational commitment. For boys, only low school performance was shown to be suicidogenic, irrespective of parental ambitions. The fourth and final study is based on the international “Health Behavior in School-aged Children” study and information from international databases. Here it is shown that the suicide rate among 15-24 year old women in 30 European and North American countries at the end of the 2000s was inversely related to how many days a week 15 year old girls involved themselves with friends in 2005/2006.

The introductory chapter of the thesis begins with a short background to the theme of social exclusion and suicidality. This section is followed by a more detailed discussion of how the notion of social recognition that is found within the social exclusion literature, can help nuance our understanding of social isolation and suicidal behavior further.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2014. 56 p.
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 90
Suicide, Attempted Suicide, Social Isolation, Loneliness, Social Capital, Social Integration, Social Recognition, Poverty, Gender-role Constraints, Life-course, Inequality, Power, Injustice, Durkheim, Bourdieu
National Category
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-101508 (URN)978-91-7447-870-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-05-16, hörsal 7, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10 D, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2014-04-24 Created: 2014-03-10 Last updated: 2014-04-15Bibliographically approved

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Rojas, Yerko
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