Age at Immigration and School Performance: A Siblings Analysis Using Swedish Register Data
2005 (English)Report (Other academic)
There is a gap in school performance between native and immigrant pupils in Sweden.This article analyzes the role of age at immigration, which is believed to be an importantdeterminant of this gap, since it is inversely related to the time spent acquiring Swedenspecificskills before graduation. The analysis exploits within-family variation in a largeset of register data on immigrant siblings (and native children) graduating fromcompulsory school between 1988 and 2003. The estimated negative impact from shortduration of residence prior to graduation is significantly less than the one observed usinga standard cross-sectional approach which fails to net out family-fixed effects. Thecritical age at arrival is about 10. Above this age, there is a strong negative impact onperformance, where the sibling-difference estimates are 27-54 percent less negative thanthe cross-sectional ones. The results show both similarities and striking differencesbetween boys and girls and between children of different origin. Moreover, children withshort duration of residence perform significantly better in mathematics than in a range ofsubjects taken together. This demonstrates the importance of Sweden-specific skills.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. , 39 p.
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 6/2005
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-72353OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-72353DiVA: diva2:492755