Marine biogenic polysaccharides as a potential source of aerosol in the high Arctic: Towards a link between marine biology and cloud formation
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Primary marine aerosol particles containing biogenic polymer microgels play a potential role for cloud formation in the pristine high Arctic summer. One of the major sources of the polymer gels in Arctic aerosol was suggested to be the surface water and more specifically, the surface microlayer (SML) of the open leads within the perennial sea ice as a result of bubble bursting at the air-sea interface. Phytoplankton and/or ice algae are believed to be the main origins of the polymer gels. In this thesis, we examine the chemical composition of biogenic polymers, with focus on polysaccharides, in seawater and airborne aerosol particles collected during the Arctic Summer Cloud Ocean Study (ASCOS) in the summer of 2008. The main results and findings include:
- A novel method using liquid chromatography coupling with tandem mass spectrometry was developed and applied for identification and quantification of polysaccharides.
- The enrichment of polysaccharides in the SML was shown to be a common feature of the Arctic open leads. Rising bubbles and surface coagulation of polymers are the likely mechanism for the accumulation of polysaccharides at the SML.
- The size dependencies of airborne polysaccharides on the travel-time since the last contact with the open sea are indicative of a submicron microgel source within the pack ice. The similarity of polysaccharides composition observed between the ambient aerosol particles and those generated by in situ bubbling experiments confines the microgel source to the open leads.
The demonstrated occurrence of polysaccharides in surface sea waters and in air, with surface-active and hygroscopic properties, has shown their potential to serve as cloud condensation nuclei and subsequently promote cloud-drop activation in the pristine high Arctic. Presumably this possibility may renew interest in the complex but fascinating interactions between marine biology, aerosol, clouds and climate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University , 2012. , 27 p.
Polysaccharides, Biogenic polymer microgels, Arctic Ocean, LC/MS/MS, Surface microlayer, Marine aerosol particles, Remote marine cloud condensation nuclei
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject Atmospheric Sciences and Oceanography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-72433ISBN: 978-91-7447-446-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-72433DiVA: diva2:497692
2012-03-30, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Saltzman, Eric, Professor
Leck, CarolineNilsson, Ulrika
At the time of doctoral defence, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Manuscript2012-03-082012-02-102012-02-27Bibliographically approved
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