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Income Inequality and Health: Lessons from a Refugee Residential Assignment Program
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
IFAU, Uppsala University, IZA.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the effect of income inequality on health for a group of particularly disadvantaged individuals: refugees. Our analysis draws on longitudinal hospitalization records coupled with a settlement policy where Swedish authorities assigned newly arrived refugees to their first area of residence. The policy was implemented in a way that provides a source of plausibly random variation in initial location. The results reveal no statistically significant effect of income inequality on the risk of being hospitalized. This finding holds also for most population subgroups and when separating between different types of diagnoses. Our estimates are precise enough to rule out large effects of income inequality on health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University , 2012. , 42 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 4/2012
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-72478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-72478DiVA: diva2:499380
Available from: 2012-02-13 Created: 2012-02-13 Last updated: 2012-02-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Essays on Inequality and Social Policy: Education, Crime and Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on Inequality and Social Policy: Education, Crime and Health
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of four empirical essays. The first essay evaluates the impact on crime of a large scale experimental scheme in which all state monopoly alcohol stores in selected Swedish counties kept open on Saturdays. We show that the experiment significantly raised both alcohol sales and crime. The effect is confined to Saturdays and tentative evidence indicates a displacement of crime from weekdays to Saturdays. The experiment had no significant impact on crime over the entire week.

The second essay examines the effect of income inequality on health for newly arrived refugees. The results reveal no statistically significant effect of income inequality on the risk of being hospitalized. This finding holds for most population subgroups and when separating between different types of diagnoses. The conclusions do not change when we consider long-term exposure to inequality. Our estimates are precise enough to rule out large effects of income inequality on health.

The third essay examines the effect of relative income differences on criminal behavior. There is a positive effect on the propensity to commit property crime. The effect is small and mainly driven by past offenders, low educated and young individuals. I only find weak evidence that relative income differences increases the likelihood to commit violent crime. The empirical analysis further reveals that differences in gross labor earnings are more strongly related to crime than disparities in disposable income.

The fourth essay describes the patterns of intergenerational transmission of education among immigrant mothers and their daughters. The results show that the persistence is slightly lower among immigrants compared to natives, and that the relationship is weaker among those who start out disadvantaged. I find large variations across different immigrant groups, but these differences are partly explained by the fact that groups belong to different parts of the educational distribution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Economics, Stockholm University, 2012. 185 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 87
Keyword
Alcohol laws, Crime, Delinquency, Education, Health, Immigrants, Income inequality, Intergenerational Transmission, Relative Income Differences, Substance use, Quasi-experiment
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-72485 (URN)978-91-7447-442-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-03-30, hörsal 3, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-03-08 Created: 2012-02-13 Last updated: 2012-11-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Grönqvist, Johansson, Niknami WP 4/2012(336 kB)213 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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