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The effect of gestational age, social background, and marital status on mortality risk for Swedish citizens born during 1915-1929
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. (Demography)
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the relationship between early life biological and social characteristics, and later life relationship status, and mortality risk for Swedish men and women over 50 born 1915-1929 from the Uppsala Birth Cohort Multigeneration study (N=12,168). Event-history analysis was conducted using two step-wise Gompertz models separately for sex. Background variables play a role in later life for both men and women, though effects differ by sex. A biological factor, gestational age, seems greater associated with mortality risk for women than men, while men are more impacted by social and economic variables such as mother’s marital status and social class at birth. For men, early life indicators do not appear to have latent effects once the model standardizes for later life socioeconomic variables. For women, being born prematurely seems to have a lasting effect on mortality risk over 50, as does ever having a previous marital disruption. Results show the strong independent effect that marital status has on mortality risk. When compared to individuals who are married and living with a partner, all other relationship categories are strongly disadvantaged, though the effect for men is more pronounced. In line with previous research, men seem to benefit more from the protective benefit of marriage, and being divorced or living separately from their partner, has more adverse consequences for men than for women. Women, not men, however, have latent effects of ever having a marital disruption, in contrast to earlier findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
mortality, event history analysis, marital status, gestational age, benefits of marriage, socioeconomic status, sex differences, latency effects, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-72481OAI: diva2:499555
2011-12-09, B900, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 15:00 (English)
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2012-03-13 Created: 2012-02-13 Last updated: 2012-03-13Bibliographically approved

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