Intergenerational Earnings Mobility Among Daughters and Sons: Evidence from Sweden and a Comparison with the United States
2006 (English)Report (Other academic)
This paper adopts Chadwick and Solon’s (2002) model by using family earnings in the study of intergenerational earnings mobility with a highlight on the role of assortative mating. I analyze mean and quantile regression coefficients as well as transition matrices to investigate family earnings mobility between parents and daughters, and parents and sons from Swedish register data. My findings indicate that Sweden has a higher degree of mobility compared to the U.S., and that assortative mating also plays an important role as a channel through which income status is transmitted across generations in Sweden. However, the difference in intergenerational mobility patterns between the two countries does not, inherently, depend on factors that affect the marriage match. Swedish daughters and sons exhibit a rather similar scheme of intergenerational earnings transmission. Daughters tend to be slightly more mobile than sons and the difference between their elasticity estimates is small but statistically significant. The quantile regression approach reveals that parents’ family earnings are less important as explanatory variable at the upper end of the children’s earnings distribution than it is at the bottom while transition matrices show substantial earnings persistence in the top earnings class.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 59 p.
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 5/2006
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-72499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-72499DiVA: diva2:500088