Bi-national marriages in Sweden: Is there an EU effect?
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
This paper discusses trends in binational marriages, defined as marriages between natives and migrants, in Sweden. The partner market for Swedes has increased considerably in the last few decades, due to globalisation processes, increased diversity of the migration stock, and in the light of EU expansion. The paper examines whether there is an effect of EU accession on the tendency for native Swedes to marry binationally. As previous studies have argued that it is especially the educated middle class who have more opportunities to meet partners abroad, the socio-economic status of those involved in binational marriages is examined. Using full-population register data for the period 1991-2008, a systematic comparison between natives marrying EU partners versus natives marrying non-EU partners is conducted, focusing both on the native and the foreign partner. I find that the share of binational marriages has increased over time, with the increase largely attributable to an increase in marriages to partners from outside the EU. However, compared to marriages to partners from neighbouring countries, natives have increasingly married EU15 partners. Patterns of binational marriages are highly gender-specific. While Finland is the most popular recruitment area for foreign husbands, Thai wives have superseded Finnish wives. Multivariate analyses show that all types of binational marriages are common in border areas, and that there is an urban effect. I find some evidence that partners in Swedish-EU couples are higher educated, but this is also true for foreign partners from the new countries of the EU and from outside the EU.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University Demography Unit , 2012. , 41 p.
Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, ISSN 0281-8728 ; 2012:2
binational marriages, intermarriage, EU, Europeanization, register data, Sweden
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Human Geography
Research subject Demography; Human Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-74495OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-74495DiVA: diva2:509950