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Våld i arbetslivet: Utveckling, uppmärksamhet och åtgärder
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
2012 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Violence at work : Trends, attention and responses (English)
Abstract [en]

Over the past two decades, violence at work has become the object of an increasing level of attention. The objective of the thesis is to analyse how the development of violence at work as a social problem might be understood. The studies in the thesis examine trends in exposure to violence at work among different occupational groups (I), the attention focused on violence at work in trade journals (II), the measures proposed to combat the problem in trade journal articles (III) and in the occupational injury reports made by the victims themselves (IV).

The first study shows that, according to victim surveys, levels of exposure to work-related violence have increased since the beginning of the 1980s. The increases are greatest in relation to the female-dominated occupations found in the care provision sectors. Study II presents a quantitative content analysis of trade journals from the period 1978–2004. The results show that there has been an increase in the amount of attention focused on violence at work. The results indicate that definitions of violence have expanded and that attention has become focused on new groups of victims and perpetrators. Study III examines the ways in which trade journals describe measures to combat violence at work. The results indicate that there has been a shift from viewing violence as a problem that should be resolved at the workplace as a health-and-safety issue, to increasingly viewing it as a problem that should be resolved externally with the help of the justice system. Study IV is based on an analysis of occupational injury reports from staff in the care sector who have been exposed to violence at work. Irrespective of the nature of the risk situation that preceded the violent incident, the staff who have been exposed to violence at work would prefer to see the problem resolved internally at the workplace.

Abstract [sv]

Våld i arbetslivet har under de senaste två decennierna fått en större uppmärksamhet. Syftet med avhandlingen är att analysera hur utvecklingen av våld i arbetslivet som samhällsproblem kan förstås. I fyra delstudier behandlas omfattningen och utvecklingen av utsatthet för våld i arbetslivet bland olika yrkesgrupper (I), hur våld i arbetslivet uppmärksammats i facklig press (II) och vilka åtgärder som förespråkas i facklig press (III) samt i arbetsskadeanmälningar (IV). Gemensamt för avhandlingens studier är att de tar upp frågor som rör förändring över tid, hur utvecklingen kan förstås och vilka konsekvenser förändringarna för med sig.

I den första studien visas att utsatthet för arbetsrelaterat hot och våld enligt svenska offerunderökningar har ökat sedan 1980-talets början. Ökningarna är störst för de kvinnodominerade jobben inom välfärdssektorerna. I studie II görs en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av facklig press 1978-2004. Resultaten visar att uppmärksamheten för våld har ökat och pekar på vidgade definitioner av våld och att nya grupper uppmärksammas som offer och förövare. I studie III undersöks hur åtgärder mot hot och våld i arbetslivet uppmärksammas i facklig press. Resultaten indikerar att våld i arbetslivet har gått från att ses som ett problem som skall lösas som en intern arbetsmiljöfråga på arbetsplatsen till att allt oftare ses som ett problem som ska lösas externt med hjälp av polis och rättsväsende. Det har skett en förskjutning mot ett förrättsligande när det gäller hur våld i arbetlivet ska åtgärdas. Utvecklingen kan sammanfattas som en rörelse ett arbetsmiljöproblem till ett brottsproblem. Studie IV utgår från en analys av arbetsskadeanmälningar från vård- och omsorgspersonal som utsatts för våld i arbetet. När man ser till de åtgärdsförslag som de utsatta själva föreslår för att undvika att våldet skall inträffa igen så framgår att det finns en diskrepans mellan de åtgärder som uppmärksammas i facklig press och de åtgärder som personalen efterfrågar. De våldsutsatta ser främst att våldsproblemet, oavsett vilken risksituation som föregått våldet, löses internt på arbetsplatsen. Adekvata resurser i form av tid och personal för att utföra arbetet efterfrågas gång på gång. Insatser av externa aktörer såsom polis och rättsväsende efterfrågas däremot inte.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Kriminologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet , 2012. , 86 p.
Series
Avhandlingsserie / Kriminologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, ISSN 1404-1820 ; 30
Keyword [en]
Workplace violence, responsibilisation, victim surveys, occupational injury reports, constructionism, safety climate
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-74543ISBN: 978-91-7447-480-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-74543DiVA: diva2:510525
Public defence
2012-04-20, hörsal 9, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10 D, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Submitted.Available from: 2012-03-29 Created: 2012-03-16 Last updated: 2012-03-26Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Det ökade våldet i arbetslivet: En analys utifrån de svenska offerundersökningarna
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det ökade våldet i arbetslivet: En analys utifrån de svenska offerundersökningarna
2007 (Swedish)In: Nordisk tidskrift for kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 94, no 2, 56-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Victim surveys from both Sweden and her Nordic neighbours show that the proportion reporting exposure to violence at work has increased during the 1990s. This article examines the question of how this trend should be understood. Does the increase reflect a rise in the number of people exposed to such violence, or is it rather due to an increase in the focus on violence and a broadening of the way violence is defined? On the basis of Swedish victim surveys covering the period 1984 - 2001, the article examines whether the character of this problem has changed as regards the seriousness of the violence, the occupational groups exposed to such violence, and the extent to which victims have contacted the police. The study shows that there has been an increase in exposure to threats and violence at work. This increase is found primarily in relation to violence and not to threats, among women, and in particular those working with some form of care provision. One surprising finding is that the propensity to report work-related violence has diminished somewhat, something that is not true for other types of violence. We thus find a high propensity to report when levels of exposure are low, and a lower reporting propensity once exposure to violence has increased. This trend is conceptualized against the background of a shift in and broadening of the type of incidents reported in the context of victim surveys. Acts of violence against persons employed in the health sector, schools and in care provision are less likely to be reported to the police than violence perpetrated against members of other occupational groups. Thus as care workers come to account for an increasing proportion of both violent incidents and the victims of violence, the aggregate propensity to report such incidents decreases. When the focus is limited to those individuals working in the care sector who have themselves been exposed to violence, there are no signs of a reduction in their reporting propensity.

Keyword
workplace, violence, sweden, crime, assault
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
General Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-21091 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2005-0136
Available from: 2008-11-07 Created: 2008-11-07 Last updated: 2015-05-05Bibliographically approved
2. Våld på jobbet: Beskrivningar av våld i arbetslivet 1978-2004 i facklig press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Våld på jobbet: Beskrivningar av våld i arbetslivet 1978-2004 i facklig press
2008 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, 6-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Violence at work as a social problem. A study of the media coverage on workplace violence in Swedish trade union journals 1978-2004.

The main purpose of this study was to find out the extent of the unions media coverage on workplace violence and the ways in which the topic was framed. The study shows that the reporting of violence in the workplace described in journals is on a stable level during the period 1978-98. However from the year 2000 and onwards, there is a clear increase in the attention. Four categories of workplace violence were used to identify and recognize different types of violence: intrusive-, consumer-, relationship- and organizational violence. This shows that much of the attention over time has shifted from intrusive violence to organizational violence and consumer violence. What seems to have happened is that workplace violence has become more than just robberies and assaults in the retail business. The stereotypical image of the criminal is challenged by non-traditional criminals like nurses, elderly people and companies. Certain groups, e g care workers, come to account for an increasing proportion of attention, both as perpetrators and victims of violence. This study is an important step in understanding the increased reports of workplace violence in Sweden.

Keyword
Crime, Victim, Trends, Assault, Sweden
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
General Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-14875 (URN)
Available from: 2008-11-07 Created: 2008-11-07 Last updated: 2015-05-05Bibliographically approved
3. Hårdare tag i arbetslivet? Åtgärder mot arbetsrelaterat våld i facklig press 1978-2004
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hårdare tag i arbetslivet? Åtgärder mot arbetsrelaterat våld i facklig press 1978-2004
2011 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 3, 51-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Preventing violence at work. A study of descriptions of safety measures in Swedish trade union journals 1978-2004

The purpose of this study is to examine if perceptions of interventions aimed at violence in the workplace have changed since the 1970s. In the beginning of the study period, structural factors are seen as the dominating explanation for workplace violence. The crime perspective rises in the 1990’s and methods of intervention becomes the control- and justice functions of larger society. The result shows search for accountability to be a salient factor for understanding the development towards an increasing use of penal sanctions.

Keyword
Criminality, Workplace violence, Assault, Sweden, Responsibilization
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
General Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-65296 (URN)
Available from: 2012-01-02 Created: 2011-12-06 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
4. Hot och våld i arbetslivet: Åtgärder i arbetsskadeanmälningar från vård och omsorg 1987, 1997 och 2007
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hot och våld i arbetslivet: Åtgärder i arbetsskadeanmälningar från vård och omsorg 1987, 1997 och 2007
2012 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 1, 1-15 p.Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Workplace violence is a complex occupational hazard that nursing staff are facing in today's health care environment. This study examines staff recommended safety measures in the wake of violence and threat- related injuries. The result suggest that interventions measures concerning psychosocial factors and structural job aspects such as adequate staffing to be far more important than surveillance, staff training and penal sanctions.

Keyword
Criminality, Workplace violence, Assault, Sweden, Responsibilization
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Criminology; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-74351 (URN)
Available from: 2013-04-12 Created: 2012-03-07 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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