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Rädsla för förlust av liv och heder
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2012 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Fear of loss of life and honor (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to examine honor conflicts that arose between girls with Swedish-foreign origin and their parents, but also to explore an honor conflict that resulted in an extreme form of violent crime, namely the murder of a young girl. The participants were different family members with foreign origins. Data were collected from qualitative interviews with 16 female and 7 male participants and were analysed according to Grounded Theory. The families were described in terms of disharmonic relations and dysfunctional growing up conditions. Fear was found to be a core variable in all the participants’ experience of the situation and also an important underlying cause of the conflict with its final outcome. The results showed that the girls’ fear during the conflict process included both mental and physical experiences. Fear was also described as an underlying cause of turning points of the conflict and the girls’ decision making in whether to stay or abandon their families. The mothers’ fear was accentuated by their daughters´ bodily and behavioral changes during puberty and was reported to be due to their concern that the girl might acquire bad teenage habits. However, the main reason for fear reported by the mothers was that they feared that the girls would disgrace the family name by violating chastity norms. The fathers described their fear of having their reputation disgraced, which in turn would lead to social exclusion. Another finding in the study was time distance, which moderated the fear. The concept of fear was a major variable also in the retrospective case that included the murder of a young girl. The male family members of this specific family were afraid of losing their power and honor, combined with unresolved internal conflicts and external intervention, which all contributed to the murder. The results are discussed in terms of attachment theory, development theories, conflict theory, as well as acculturation theory.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna avhandling var att studera hedersrelaterade konflikter som uppstod mellan flickor med svensk-utländsk härkomst och deras föräldrar, men även att utforska en extrem form av våldbrott, nämligen ett mord på en flicka, och finna svar på vad som kan ha varit avgörande för detta utfall av konflikten. Sammanlagt ingick 23 deltagare i studien varav 16 kvinnor och 7 män. De insamlade intervjuerna bearbetades utifrån Grounded Theory. En central variabel som studien utmynnade i var begreppet rädsla. Rädsla var en framträdande begrepp för upplevelsen av situationen, men också en avgörande bakomliggande orsak till konflikten. Resultatet visade att flickornas rädsla under de olika faserna i processen inbegrep både psykiska och fysiska dimensioner. Rädsla var även en bakomliggande orsak till vändpunkterna i konfliktprocessen samt till beslutet att stanna kvar i familjen eller fly. Mödrarnas rädsla bestod delvis av oro för att flickorna skulle förärva dåliga tonårsvanor. Men den huvudsakliga orsaken till mödrarnas rädsla var oro för att flickorna skulle vanära familjens anseende genom att bryta mot kyskhetsnormen. Den primära orsaken till fädernas rädsla var fruktan för förlust av anseende och därigenom social utslagning. En annan orsak till rädsla hos fäderna var upplevelsen av att de var på väg att förlora sin oinskränkta manliga makt över familjen i samband med döttrarnas revolt och normöverträdelse. Resultatet visade attdistans i tid och insikt var viktiga variabler som spelade en avgörande roll i konfliktprocessen och dess utfall. Rädsla var en avgörande faktor under hela konfliktens förlopp och för dess utfall när det gällde även det retrospektiva fallet. Rädslan som männen upplevde för förlust av manlig makt och heder tillsammans med ouppklarade interna konflikter och extern inbladning var bidragande orsaker till mordet på den unga flickan. Resultaten diskuterades utifrån anknytningsteori, utvecklingsteorier, konflikt teori samt acculturation teori. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University , 2012.
Keyword [en]
conflicts, honor, violence, fear
Keyword [sv]
konflikter, heder, våld, rädsla
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75711ISBN: 978-91-7447-527-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-75711DiVA: diva2:524297
Public defence
2012-06-07, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-05-10 Created: 2012-04-25 Last updated: 2012-05-07Bibliographically approved

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