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Achieved Fertility and Fertility Intentions among Ethnic Groups in Central Asia: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan Compared
Stockholm University. (Sociology department, Demography Unit)
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The literature on minority group status and fertility usually focuses on a within-country comparison of the behavior of population groups with different racial, ethno-cultural or religious backgrounds. Our study adds several dimensions to this approach. By comparing co-ethnics across three neighboring countries, we are able to sort out the separate roles of minority-group status, ethnicity, and country of residence in fertility behavior. The results of our analysis, based on survey data from three countries in Central Asia, show a strong country effect on achieved fertility and fertility intentions but only modestly negative effects of minority-group status on fertility in this region.

Keyword [en]
ethnic minority; fertility; fertility intentions; Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75914OAI: diva2:524753
Available from: 2012-05-03 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2012-05-07
In thesis
1. Demographic Journeys along the Silk Road: Marriage, Childbearing, and Migration in Kyrgyzstan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demographic Journeys along the Silk Road: Marriage, Childbearing, and Migration in Kyrgyzstan
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis contributes to the limited demographic literature on Central Asia – the region through which led the great Silk Road – an ancient route of trade and cultural exchange between East and West. We focus on Kyrgyzstan and countries in its immediate neighborhood: Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. We analyze the dynamic interplay between marriage, childbearing, and migration, and examine fertility intentions and intentions to migrate as predictors of demographic outcomes. The thesis consists of four co-authored and one single-authored paper connected through a common theme of ethno-cultural differences in demographic behavior. In the first three studies, we explore the link between migration and family formation. We demonstrate that increased fertility of recent migrants is attributable to marriage-related resettlements. In paper four, we provide an analysis of intentions to move abroad. Our results suggest that ethnicity plays a significant role, independent of other factors, in determining migration plans and preferences, and detect ethnic-specific effects of marriage, childbearing, and social capital on the inclination to migrate. In paper five, we compare the fertility and fertility intentions of ethnic majority and minority groups in three neighboring countries of the region. We explain fertility differentials between ethnic groups in terms of the combined effects of their status in society, country-level differences in institutional settings, and historical and cultural factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2012. 9 p.
Dissertation series / Stockholm University Demography Unit, ISSN 1404-2304 ; 7
marriage, childbearing, migration, ethno-cultural differences, Kyrgyzstan
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociological Demography
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-75723 (URN)978-91-86071-93-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-09-21, hörsal 4, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 15:00 (English)

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Manuscript.

Available from: 2012-05-29 Created: 2012-04-25 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

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Nedoluzhko, Lesia
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