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Copepod reproductive success in spring-bloom communities with modified diatom and dinoflagellate dominance
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
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2012 (English)In: ICES Journal of Marine Science, ISSN 1054-3139, E-ISSN 1095-9289, Vol. 69, no 3, 351-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dinoflagellates have increased and diatoms decreased in the Baltic Sea in recent decades, possibly because of changes in the climate and altered patterns of stratification. The hypothesis that grazing copepods would benefit from the change in species composition was tested experimentally by studying the reproductive output of the crustacean copepod Eurytemora affinis in five Baltic Sea phytoplankton spring communities dominated by different dinoflagellates (Biecheleria baltica, Gymnodinium corollarium) and diatoms (Chaetoceros cf. wighamii, Skeletonema marinoi, and Thalassiosira baltica). After a 5-d acclimation and a 4-d incubation, egg production, egg hatching success, and the RNA: DNA ratio of E. affinis were measured. Egg production was highest on a G. corollarium-dominated diet and lowest on a S. marinoi-dominated diet and on a B. baltica-dominated natural spring bloom, but there were no differences in hatching success. The results demonstrate strong species-specific effects unconstrained by the dominating group. Hence, the hypothesis of specific effects derived from a diatom or dinoflagellate diet is too simplistic, and there is a need to explore phytoplankton taxa at a species level to reveal the reasons for copepod reproductive success.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 69, no 3, 351-357 p.
Keyword [en]
copepod reproduction, diatoms, dinoflagellates, RNA:DNA ratio, spring bloom
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76071DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsr138ISI: 000302804200002OAI: diva2:525512
6Available from: 2012-05-08 Created: 2012-05-08 Last updated: 2012-05-08Bibliographically approved

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Hogfors, Hedvig
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