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ZSM-5 Zeolite Single Crystals with b-Axis-Aligned Mesoporous Channels as an Efficient Catalyst for Conversion of Bulky Organic Molecules
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
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2012 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 134, no 10, 4557-4560 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The relatively small and sole micropores in zeolite catalysts strongly influence the mass transfer and catalytic conversion of bulky molecules. We report here aluminosilicate zeolite ZSM-5 single crystals with b-axis-aligned mesopores, synthesized using a designed cationic amphiphilic copolymer as a mesoscale template. This sample exhibits excellent hydrothermal stability. The orientation of the mesopores was confirmed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. More importantly, the b-axis-aligned mesoporous ZSM-5 shows much higher catalytic activities for bulky substrate conversion than conventional ZSM-5 and ZSM-5 with randomly oriented mesopores. The combination of good hydrothermal stability with high activities is important for design of novel zeolite catalysts. The b-axis-aligned mesoporous ZSM-5 reported here shows great potential for industrial applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 134, no 10, 4557-4560 p.
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76147DOI: 10.1021/ja300078qISI: 000301990600027OAI: diva2:525914
9Available from: 2012-05-09 Created: 2012-05-09 Last updated: 2013-11-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Structural study of zeolites utilizing novel electron crystallographic methods: A voyage into the world of zeolite structures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural study of zeolites utilizing novel electron crystallographic methods: A voyage into the world of zeolite structures
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Electron crystallography has evolved as a powerful method for structural characterization of a wide range of materials. It has two significant advantages over other methods for structure determination, e.g. X-ray diffraction. Electrons interact much more strongly with matter compared to X-rays and they can be focused by electromagnetic lenses to form images with atomic resolution. These advantages make electron crystallography a unique tool for characterization of crystalline materials suffering from small crystal size and complex or disordered structures.

     Zeolites are a class of microporous materials with significance in several applications. They often possess complex and disordered structures, which demand large efforts in the structure determination.

     Over the last years, two new electron crystallographic methods have been developed; the rotation electron diffraction (RED) and the structure projection reconstruction from a through-focus series of high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images. In this thesis, they will be applied for structure determination of four new zeolite structures, including EMM-25 and EMM-23 with two ordered structures, and ITQ-39 and ITQ-38 with disordered structures. Each of the structure solutions have different challenges to overcome. The high silica borosilicate EMM-25 was solved by the RED method. The aluminosilicate EMM-23 was solved by a combination of HRTEM and RED. The structure solution of two materials with disordered structures, ITQ-39 and ITQ-38, will be described. For materials containing disorders, structure projection images are of utmost importance.

     Furthermore, the mesoporosity inside hierarchically porous ZSM-5 crystals was studied by a combination of focused ion beam (FIB) and HRTEM imaging. The last part of this thesis explores STEM imaging for use in structure determination from 3D reconstruction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Stockholm University, 2013. 104 p.
Electron crystallography, zeolites, structure determination, disorder, electron microscopy
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Structural Chemistry
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-95870 (URN)978-91-7447-810-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-12-16, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)

At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Papers 4 and 5: Manuscipts; Paper 10: Manuscript

Available from: 2013-11-24 Created: 2013-11-05 Last updated: 2013-11-26Bibliographically approved

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Willhammar, TomZou, Xiaodong
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