Local structures of mesoporous bioactive glasses and their surface alterations in vitro: inferences from solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance
2012 (English)In: Philosophical Transactions. Series A: Mathematical, physical, and engineering science, ISSN 1364-503X, Vol. 370, no 1963, 1376-1399 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We review the benefits of using Si-29 and H-1 magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy for probing the local structures of both bulk and surface portions of mesoporous bioactive glasses (MBGs) of the CaO-SiO2-(P2O5) system. These mesoporous materials exhibit an ordered pore arrangement, and are promising candidates for improved bone and tooth implants. We discuss experimental MAS NMR results from three MBGs displaying different Ca, Si and P contents: the Si-29 NMR spectra were recorded either directly by employing radio-frequency pulses to Si-29, or by magnetization transfers from neighbouring protons using cross polarization, thereby providing quantitative information about the silicate speciation present in the pore wall and at the MBG surface, respectively. The surface modifications were monitored for the three MBGs during their immersion in a simulated body fluid (SBF) for intervals between 30 min and one week. The results were formulated as a reaction sequence describing the interconversions between the distinct silicate species. We generally observed a depletion of Ca2+ ions at the MBG surface, and a minor condensation of the silicate-surface network over one week of SBF soaking.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 370, no 1963, 1376-1399 p.
silicate-based biomaterial, biomineralization, magic angle spinning Si-29 NMR, cross polarization, surface reactions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76146DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0257ISI: 000300631900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-76146DiVA: diva2:525922