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Integrating the INTIMATE records using tephrochronology: rising to the challenge
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
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2012 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, Vol. 36, 11-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Little has challenged our understanding of climate change more so than the abruptness with which large-scale shifts in temperature occurred during the Late Quaternary. The causal mechanisms driving these rapid changes are poorly understood, largely due to the inherent difficulties of integrating palaeoclimate records which represents the key focus of the INTIMATEI project. Tephrochronology has become central to the synchronisation goals of INTIMATE, the overall aim of which is to test the degree of climatic synchroneity in relation to these rapid climatic events. Here we present a European framework of 12 volcanic events that hold considerable promise for achieving the INTIMATE goals and effecting precise correlation of widespread palaeoarchives. These tephras are widespread and fall stratigraphically in close association to rapid climatic changes. We believe that these represent the most valuable tephras for the European INTIMATE project, but also highlight those that require urgent investigation to refine their geochemical signatures, eruptive context and chronological and stratigraphical uncertainties. For instance, new data are presented for the Saksunarvatn Ash that question the sole reliance on major-element analysis for tephra characterisation and highlights some of the challenges that remain for tephra studies. Accordingly, we outline a number of key recommendations relating to geochemical characterisation, data comparison, assessing the depositional integrity of tephra horizons as well as methods for improving age estimates - all of which will optimise the application of tephrochronology to meet the INTIMATE goals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 36, 11-27 p.
Keyword [en]
Tephra isochrones, Precise correlation, Geochemical analysis and data comparison methods, Saksunarvatn Ash, Depositional processes
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76136DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.04.005ISI: 000301825900003OAI: diva2:526122
5Available from: 2012-05-10 Created: 2012-05-09 Last updated: 2012-05-10Bibliographically approved

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Wastegård, Stefan
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Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology
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