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Dynamics of saturated energy condensation in two-dimensional turbulence
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
2012 (English)In: Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, ISSN 1539-3755, Vol. 85, no 3, 036315- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In two-dimensional forced Navier-Stokes turbulence, energy cascades to the largest scales in the system to form a pair of coherent vortices known as the Bose condensate. We show, both numerically and analytically, that the energy condensation saturates and the system reaches a statistically stationary state. The time scale of saturation is inversely proportional to the viscosity and the saturation energy level is determined by both the viscosity and the force. We further show that, without sufficient resolution to resolve the small-scale enstrophy spectrum, numerical simulations can give a spurious result for the saturation energy level. We also find that the movement of the condensate is similar to the motion of an inertial particle with an effective drag force. Furthermore, we show that the profile of the saturated coherent vortices can be described by a Gaussian core with exponential wings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 85, no 3, 036315- p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76123DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.036315ISI: 000302019200002OAI: diva2:526175
3Available from: 2012-05-10 Created: 2012-05-09 Last updated: 2012-05-10Bibliographically approved

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Brandenburg, Axel
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