Can the use of pulsed direct current induce oscillation in the applied pressure during spark plasma sintering?
2012 (English)In: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, ISSN 1468-6996, E-ISSN 1878-5514, Vol. 13, no 1, 015005- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The spark plasma sintering (SPS) process is known for its rapid densification of metals and ceramics. The mechanism behind this rapid densification has been discussed during the last few decades and is yet uncertain. During our SPS experiments we noticed oscillations in the applied pressure, related to a change in electric current. In this study, we investigated the effect of pulsed electrical current on the applied mechanical pressure and related changes in temperature. We eliminated the effect of sample shrinkage in the SPS setup and used a transparent quartz die allowing direct observation of the sample. We found that the use of pulsed direct electric current in our apparatus induces pressure oscillations with the amplitude depending on the current density. While sintering Ti samples we observed temperature oscillations resulting from pressure oscillations, which we attribute to magnetic forces generated within the SPS apparatus. The described current-pressure-temperature relations might increase understanding of the SPS process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 13, no 1, 015005- p.
sintering, thermomechanical processing, SPS
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76324DOI: 10.1088/1468-6996/13/1/015005ISI: 000301043500008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-76324DiVA: diva2:526870