Mullite-derivative Bi2MnxAl7-xO14 (x similar to 1): structure determination by powder X-ray diffraction from a multi-phase sample
2012 (English)In: Dalton Transactions, ISSN 1477-9226, E-ISSN 1477-9234, Vol. 41, no 10, 2884-2889 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
As a supplementary method to single crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD), nowadays crystal structure determination by powder XRD has become popular, especially for those areas with difficulties getting high quality single crystals. Here we observed an intermediate phase Bi2MnxAl7-xO14 (x similar to 1) during the decomposition of mullite-Bi2MnxAl4-xO9+delta (solid solution of Bi2Mn4O10-Bi2Al4O9). As a metastable phase, it started to decompose while forming, thus no single-phase sample can be obtained. We successfully determined its structure by powder XRD from a multi-phase sample. A modified Le Bail fitting using the atomic structure information of known impurities showed a more reliable intensity extraction from a multi-phase powder XRD than that without using atomic structures for the known impurities. The charge-flipping algorithm and Monte-Carlo based simulated annealing technique were then applied to obtain the full structural model. In principle, this strategy is applicable to more complex problems, and not limited to the oxide materials. Bi2MnxAl7-xO14 possesses a mullite-related structure. There are one tetrahedral and two octahedral sites for Mn and Al, where disordering with substantial site preferences is observed. Specifically, M1O(6) and M3O(6) octahedra share edges along the c-direction with the periodicity of 1 : 2. These octahedral chains are further connected into a 3D structure through M2O(4) dimmers and Bi.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 41, no 10, 2884-2889 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76755DOI: 10.1039/c2dt11855fISI: 000300443000007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-76755DiVA: diva2:527194