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Exploring the determinants of the graded structure of vocal emotion expressions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2012 (English)In: Cognition & Emotion, ISSN 0269-9931, E-ISSN 1464-0600, Vol. 26, no 4, 710-719 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examined what determines the typicality, or graded structure, of vocal emotion expressions. Separate groups of judges rated acted and spontaneous expressions of anger, fear, and joy with regard to their typicality and three main determinants of the graded structure of categories: category members’ similarity to the central tendency of their category (CT); category members’ frequency of instantiation, i.e., how often they are encountered as category members (FI); and category members’ similarity to ideals associated with the goals served by its category, i.e., suitability to express particular emotions. Partial correlations and multiple regression analysis revealed that similarity to ideals, rather than CT or FI, explained most variance in judged typicality. Results thus suggest that vocal emotion expressions constitute ideal-based goal-derived categories, rather than taxonomic categories based on CT and FI. This could explain how prototypical expressions can be acoustically distinct and highly recognisable but occur relatively rarely in everyday speech.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Psychology Press, 2012. Vol. 26, no 4, 710-719 p.
Keyword [en]
Acted speech, Emotion, Goal-derived categories, Graded structure, Spontaneous speech, Prototypical expressions
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-76843DOI: 10.1080/02699931.2011.602047ISI: 000304311800011OAI: diva2:527424
Available from: 2012-05-21 Created: 2012-05-21 Last updated: 2012-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Laukka, Petri
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