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Tinnitus severity is reduced with reduction of depressive mood - a prospective population study in Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
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2012 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 5, e37733- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tinnitus, the perception of sound without external source, is a highly prevalent public health problem with about 8% of the population having frequently occurring tinnitus, and about 1-2% experiencing significant distress from it. Population studies, as well as studies on self-selected samples, have reported poor psychological well-being in individuals with tinnitus. However, no study has examined the long-term co-variation between mood and tinnitus prevalence or tinnitus severity. In this study, the relationship between depression and tinnitus prevalence and severity over a 2-year period was examined in a representative sample of the general Swedish working population. Results show that a decrease in depression is associated with a decrease in tinnitus prevalence, and even more markedly with tinnitus severity. Hearing loss was a more potent predictor than depression for tinnitus prevalence, but was a weaker predictor than depression for tinnitus severity. In addition, there were sex differences for tinnitus prevalence, but not for tinnitus severity. This study shows a direct and long-term association between tinnitus severity and depression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 7, no 5, e37733- p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-77013DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037733ISI: 000305345300072PubMedID: 22629449Local ID: P2916OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-77013DiVA: diva2:528884
Available from: 2012-05-28 Created: 2012-05-28 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Hasson, DanMagnusson Hanson, Linda L.Westerlund, HugoTheorell, Töres
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